Smart City Security

A smart city should have highly efficient "hard" and "soft" infrastructure and management strategies for serving and governing the its citizens.

Factors to consider include ​buildings, education, environment, governance, healthcare, information technology, transportation utility, and waste management.

The "hard" infrastructure of a smart city includes sensors, monitoring systems, automation systems, communication systems, and emergency response systems.

The "soft" insfrastructure includes strategies, policies and procedures.

In order to have a secure smart city, devices to be used have to be inspected and tested from the security perspective. The "hard" systems should be fault torlerant. Manual override should be provided to allow for special system malfunctions. Basic services should still be available when main power outage occurs.

System software has to undergo regular and on time security updates. Communication networks have to be encrypted and authenticated. Data has to be handled with privacy in mind.